Glossary of Customs and Excise terms


Glossary of Customs and Excise terms.



  • Anker: A measure of spirits, generally 7 1/2-8 gallons. Half Anker barrels of approximately 4 gallons became the usual size for easy transport.


  • Bat: A long wooden stave used as a weapon by smugglers.


  • Boatsitter: A chief boatman in the Preventive Waterguard.


  • Coast Blockade: The preventive system in Kent and Sussex 1817-1831.


  • Coastguard: (first called Coast Guard) The national preventive service under Capt. W. Bowles, appointed 1822.


  • Coastwaiter: The Customs officer responsible for vessels from home ports.


  • Collector: The head of the Custom personnel at each port.


  • Comptroller: The Collector's deputy at larger ports.


  • Cutter: A single masted vessel, rigged like a sloop, but with a running bowsprit.


  • Dragoon: A mounted soldier.


  • Exciseman: An officer responsible for accessing and collecting Excise Duty.


  • Flink Pistol: Used to flash a signal; in appearance like a starting gun.


  • Free trader: A smuggler.


  • Galley: A large open rowboat, typically propelled by up to 20 oars.


  • Geneva: Gin, also known as Hollands.


  • Hanger: A sword.


  • Huer: A man who kept watch for pilchard shoals.


  • Landwaiter: The Customs official who supervised the unloading of ships from foreign ships.


  • Lugger: A vessel with four-cornered sails, rigged fore and aft.


  • Owler: Anyone smuggling wool out of England.


  • Pilchard palace or cellar: Where pilchards were stored and pressed for oil.


  • Preventive Waterguard: Preventive service established in 1809 covering country in three districts; patrols by cutters and small preventive boats.


  • Privateer: A privately owned armed vessel holding a government commission to wage war on enemy ships.


  • Riding Officer: Officer in the Customs service appointed to patrol on horseback, initially to counter the owling trade.


  • Run: A successful landing of contraband.




1 Comment · 13779 Reads · Print  -> Posted by Tony on August 09 2008

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#1 | Philip on 26/09/2008 23:23:09
If you have any terms to add, please post a comment and we'll add it in Cool
 

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